Fasano grew up around the X century, following the detruction of Egnazia and the exodus of its population onto te country-side.
Its geographical position is twice fortunate, in that it lies far not far from the sea, and at the feet of the lower slopes of the south-east Murgia, beyond which lies the gigantic Canale di Pirro, a beautiful valley and one of the largest karst depressions in the region.
The territory of Fasano has always been highly populated and this factor has deeply influenced the envirinment, though it has not fundamentally changed its nature. Thus, while the fields are highly cultivated and full of olives trees, fruit and vines, one can still see large tracts of Mediterranean maquis, concentrated mainly on the terraces of the depressions: at higher levels, dorsal oaks and pines can still survive. These perfect environmental and cliomatic conditions have always attracted tourist, and the area has become a well-established holiday centre, around easily-reached and wee-known centre such as The Woodland of Fasano which hosts the ZOO Safari.
This complex has a large collection of exotic animals running wild in the Mediterranean vegetation and olive trees of the park, you will enjoy the experience of an African Safari.
The closeness of the sea and some extremely attractive beaches, such as those of Savelletri and Torre Canne, represent another stimulus for those who prefer relaxed holidays in close "harmony" with nature.
Torre Canne is also a famous spa, the water of whose Torricella and Antesana springs are good for the liver and the biliary ducts, and as a cure for hyperuricemia.
If this is not enough, the area of Fasano is marked by the "signs" left by ancient peoples who settled here in distant times. Parting from Monopoli along the coast-road for Savelletri, one can visit the ruins of Egnazia, ancient Gnathia, a highly important port which lay on the confines beetween Messapia and Peucetia. This city, which was a conspicuous Roman municipality, traversed by the Trajan Way as it passed towards Brindisi, managed to survive the fall of the Roman Empire and became a bishopric in the early Christian era.
It went into decline, and was abandoned, around the X century for reasons which are still not entirely clear.
A series of excavations have brought the remains of this abandoned city to light, and recently an an Antiquarium has been built near the necropolis to house a collection of didactic and illusttrative objects, and other precious finds unearthed during the excavations.
The most important settlments in the area are: the church-crypt of S. lorenzo, about 4 kilometres from Fasano, the church crypt of S. Virgilia, the crypt of San Marco and San Giovanni.